What Affects Your Sleep And How To Sleep Better Tonight

Regardless of your age or gender, it is important to have a better night rest to maintain physical and mental health. It is recommended for adults to have a minimum of seven or eight hours of sound sleep every night. Hence, you can have a healthy heart, prevent illness, rejuvenate your mind and body, improve your stamina, improves cognitive function, lower the risk of obesity, and promotes healthy growth in children.

But when your night sleep is tempered, it can lead to serious health problems which may include heart failure, heart attack, irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, and diabetes.

In this article, we shall highlight some factors that can affect your sleep and how you can correct those factors to sleep better tonight. These includes:

1. Long daytime naps

Having a long nap during the day can affect your sleep at night. Always try to have a short nap in the day if the need arises so that sleeping at nights don’t become worrisome.

You may need to have a long nap in the daytime only if you work at nights. The long crucial daytime nap will be a cover-up for your sleepless night.

2. Late consumption of caffeine

Although there are a bunch of benefits attached to caffeine consumption. It can enhance focus, boost energy and sports performance. According to a report, 90% of the US population consumes caffeine. But when you consume a large amount late in the day, it can seriously worsen your night sleep.

Caffeine will stimulate your nervous system when taken late in the day, stopping your body from relaxing naturally at night. It is therefore not recommended to take coffee after 3 – 4 pm because it can be active in your blood for up to 8 hours. But if you desire a cup of coffee late in the evening, choose decaffeinated coffee.

3. Wearing decorative accessories

Your decorative accessories is another factor that may affect your sleep at night when kept on during sleep. Falling asleep with your wrist-watch on, bangles, contact lenses, and jewelry will make your sleep uncomfortable (especially when you need to change position during sleep).

Consider removing all decorative accessories before falling on the bed at night, no matter how tired you are. It will ultimately aid better sleep.

4. Worries/Anxiety

Having a series of worries in your mind before bedtime can affect your sleep. Make sure you eliminate all anxiety before going to bed at nights, putting them aside for the following day.

You can ultimately help yourself through basic stress management – getting yourself organized, set priorities and delegate tasks. You can also ease your anxiety through meditation.

Having a relaxing shower is an additional way to have sound sleep. A relaxing bath can also help you fall asleep faster and improve your overall sleep quality.

5. Eating late in the evening

Eating late in the evening may have a negative impact on the quality of your sleep and in the natural release of melatonin and HGH.

So, eating high-carb meals four hours before bed will help you fall asleep faster. According to a study, low-carb diets help improves sleep. This means that carbs are less important in having a good night sleep for people who are addicted to a low-carb diet.

6. Pains in your body

You may be unable to sleep at nights because of aches and pains. A survey shows that poor night sleep is experienced by three-quarters of people with (low) back pain. Not sleeping well at night may cause your body to malfunction in the day.

The first thing you need to do is to practice sound sleep hygiene. A nighttime pain reliever can also help you doze off but if the pain keeps you up always, consult your doctor.

7. Lack of regular exercise

When your night sleep is disturbed for no reason, it may be due to lack of regular exercise. Exercise is a science-backed strategy for improving your health and sleep. Consider exercising regularly every day to get a better night sleep.

Exercise can enhance overall sleep quality. It can also reduce symptoms of insomnia as it offers numerous benefits than most drugs do. Exercise reduces time to fall asleep, time to wake up during the night, and anxiety while increasing the time it takes to sleep at nights.


Sleep has a lot of benefits for your health. So, take note of the above factors that can affect your sleep and do the needful to sleep better at night.


Treatment for yeast infection on the skin

If you have a yeast infection on your skin, people can also refer to it as Candidiasis. This infection is brought about by an over development of yeast on the skin of the body. Candida yeast is a natural component on the human body. The body’s immune system and the “good” bacteria prevent the yeast from growing or multiplying. Although there are some factors that cause the “bad” bacteria to cause yeast infection.

Candida yeast thrives in an environment that is moist and warm. Other causes may be poor hygiene, humid weather, tight clothes especially undergarments, a weak immune system caused by disease such as HIV, Aids and diabetes. Prolonged consumption of antibiotics may also lead to yeast infection as they not only kill bad bacteria in the body but also the good bacteria that help fight infections.

To identify a yeast infection on the skin you will notice red blotches or rashes on the skin that constantly needs scratching. Usually, there is some form of soreness, scaly or flaky skin and a burning sensation. In some cases, clear fluid would develop and sometime ooze out of the infected skin. Unusually soft and white skin that is moist all the time is another symptom of having skin yeast infection. Yeast infection on skin affects women as well men and infants.

Types of yeast infection on the skin

Angular cheilitis (perl eche) is an infection of the creases around the mouth which causes the skin to soften.

Thrush normally strikes people who are suffering from HIV, Aida and diabetes. It is the infection of the mouth and throat where white blotches develop in the mouth.

Intertrigo is probably the most common yeast infection known. It targets the folds of the skin or areas where skin brushes against skin. This is common in places like the genital area, armpits, under the breasts and on overlapping fat folds.

Candidal body rash is caused by excessive sweating and prolonged use of antibiotics. This is also common in diabetic patients.

Candidal diaper rash, as the name implies, infects baby’s bottom area where moisture is continually trapped.

Candidal paronychia targets the nail folds and causes swelling and irritation in that area. Pus may develop around the fingernails in some cases.

Treatment for yeast infection on the skin

The most popular method of treatment is the use of topical or anti-fungal creams containing ketoconazole, miconazole, hydrocortisone or other ingredients that treat fungi on skin. Creams can be purchased over the counter at your local drug store. The natural remedies include the consumption of apple cider vinegar, garlic on skin or orally, probiotics and boric acid.


10 Tips to Help You Get The Most Out of Your Gym Membership

You’ve decided you want (or need) to get work out more and get fit. You’re thinking about joining a health club, but you’ve heard too many stories about people who sign up, go one or two times, and never go back. You’re not really sure which type of club to join: a low-cost chain, a more expensive, exclusive fitness center, or a club that caters to only women or men.

Buying and maintaining a health club membership can be pretty complicated, but if you follow these 10 tips, you’ll save money and be on your way to greater fitness.

1. Make a list of your specific fitness needs and wants. Will you be comfortable working out in a large club with both men and women? Will you need access to more than one club? Are you looking for one-on-one personal training services? How often do you think you’ll work out each month? Do you think you’ll be able to keep up your fitness regimen? How much can you afford to pay for a membership each month?

2. Once you’ve identified your requirements, visit health clubs that meet your needs. Get a free pass for each club (at least a one week’s pass) and workout at each club as often as possible during the free periods.

3. Don’t sign up for a membership at any of the health clubs while you’re using free passes. You’ll be under a lot of pressure from salespeople and managers, and they will tell you that you need to sign up today in order to get discount pricing. Don’t. Health clubs offer discount pricing all the time.

4. When you’ve decided a health club, go back and speak with a salesperson about membership choices. Don’t feel pressured to sign a long-term contract at any health club. Remember that long-term contracts are really installment loans with high-interest payments. If you don’t think that you’re going to keep up your workouts, don’t even think about signing one of these contracts. Gather all of the written information about each type of membership, then go home and review it at your leisure. Don’t feel pressured to sign up for any membership at the club.

5. When you’re speaking with the salesperson, ask all of the questions you want. Don’t feel rushed or pressured. Never forget that any contract you sign supersedes any promises a salesperson gives you. Even if the salesperson writes it into the contract, it probably isn’t legally enforceable. The contract is king. Read it carefully before signing.

6. Compare the costs of each membership type, and remember that you should make the ultimate decision based on your own needs, not on short-term discounts that may sound like you’re saving money, but will end up costing you more money in the end.

7. Make sure you fully understand the cancellation requirements of each membership type. Many long-term health club contracts are almost impossible to cancel. A month-to-month contract may be a better solution.

8. Don’t sign up for automatic payments via credit card. If you no longer want a membership, and you’re able to cancel, you may find it difficult to get payments stopped.

9. Keep track of all your payments in case there are any disputes with your health club.

10. If you do cancel your membership, make sure you get the cancellation in writing from your health club.

By following these 10 tips, you will certainly set yourself up for fitness success.


Common Exercise Myths Exposed

Exercise is good for the body. A lot of people have been raving about the health benefits of including an exercise and other physical activities in their lifestyles. Exercise is important for strengthened circulatory, respiratory, and immune systems. In addition, many health studies show that exercise effects mental health as well. It elevates moods and promotes a state of bliss. Including exercise in one’s lifestyle may reduce anxiety and manage stress.

Despite the health benefits that are brought by exercising and working out. A lot of people are hesitant to partake in these activities because of perceived ill-effects that exercise may bring. In the 21st century, infomercials, magazines, videos, and friends may give conflicting advice. These results in confusion and is probably the reason why many individuals prevented from getting in shape.

Numerous women are hesitant to workout or because of the misconception, that strength training will make them bulky. They think that strength training is only for men. Women naturally have less bone and muscle than men, this is the reason why women have higher risks of osteoporosis. Medical experts, however, point out that women don’t have enough testosterone to develop big and bulky muscles. Muscular women that are seen on the Internet and television probably achieved those kinds of the physique because of consuming uncontrolled substances.

Another misconception that many people believe is one has to work out intensely in order to gain health benefits. This is incorrect because moderate workouts lower the risk of acquiring unwanted ailments and promote improved well-being. A study conducted by the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) shows that women who regularly engage in brisk walking reduced their risk of heart disease to the same degree as women who engaged in vigorous exercise.

Individuals that gain weight as they get older blame age for this attribute. However, weight gain takes place because of reduced physical activities and diminished metabolic rate which is caused by loss of lean body mass. This transformation takes place between the ages of 20 and 30. The percentage of body fat slowly increases and produces a decreasing calorie requirement. This happens because fat cells consume fewer calories than muscle cells. Exercise and physical activity may slow down the aging process by preventing degeneration and metabolic diseases that affect middle-aged and elderly people. In addition, exercise stimulates activities in human cells and fluids. As these cells are stimulated the more likely they will continue to function properly. It is, however, important to exercise with a nutritious diet to reap its health benefits.

It is never too late to partake in regular exercise and other physical activities. Exercise is good for different people of all ages. It is necessary to maintain improved overall health. Individuals who decide to include a regular program of physical activity should consult doctors and other health professionals for advice. This is important because a lot of individuals tend to work out too much or workout improperly, which may do more harm than good. Understanding proper workout and including a healthy diet in one’s lifestyle may lead to improved health and overall well-being.


7 Easy Tips for Living a Healthy Life

As good as modern medical technology is, it can never save you from the problems caused by a life style that is unhealthy. Instead of getting a modern medical fix for every problem, it is far better to live in such a way that you will hardly ever fall ill.

An ounce of prevention is certainly better than a pound of cure. Here are seven tips on how to live a long and healthy life. In addition, the same life style that helps you to avoid illness also helps you to lose weight.

1. Get Enough Exercise

In the past people had to use their physical bodies in the course of their normal work. But today someone may get up, go to work in a car, then sit down, get up to go home in the car and when arriving at home, sit down again for the rest of the day. In such a life there is no physical labor. This physical inactivity is one of the main reasons for a host of diseases. Sport, running. walking and other things must be added to our life if our normal work does not require us to exert ourselves physically. I


2. Go to sleep when you feel sleepy

This may sound simple, but many people stay up late even when their body is telling them that it is time to sleep. Yoga and Ayurvedic doctors also say that it is better to sleep in the night and be active during the day. However, people such as students will take coffee and stimulants to study late into the night. Others develop the habit of remaining active at night and sleeping during the day. While we can do this, it eventually takes a toll on health. Alternative health doctors say that this kind of unnatural living is one of the contributing factors in the causation of cancer and other diseases

3. Eat when you feel hungry

This is also a simple idea, but once again we often go against the messages of the body. If you eat out of habit or due to social pressure at certain time of the day, even when you have no real appetite, then you will not digest your food properly. Acidity and indigestion begin, and this contributes to the likelihood of other more complex diseases taking root. Having an appetite is actually a sign of good health, but if you have no appetite you should wait a bit and then eat. (If you have no appetite even after awaiting a reasonable amount of time, then you should consult a doctor because something is wrong.)

4.Fast on a Regular, Systematic Basis

If you would ask any person to work 365 days per year without any rest, they would complain and say that they must have some rest or else they will break down. But we have never bothered to ask or to think about our digestive organs which we compel to work day after day without a rest. They cannot protest the way a person would to his boss, but they do give us signals that they cannot work non-stop. When we ignore those signals and still compel them to work, those organs break down. That is why periodic fasting is necessary. Refrain from eating for one complete day. This gives a rest to your digestive organs and also helps in the elimination of wastes from your body. Regular fasting allows a person to gain extra time for intellectual or spiritual pursuits. Fasting is not for hermits in a cave, but is a sensible practice that anyone can practice.

5. Wash with cool water before going to bed

As mentioned above, proper sleep is essential for the maintenance of health. If you wash your important motor and sensory organs (hands, arms, eyes, legs, mouth, genitals) before sleep using cool water, this will relax you and prepare you for deep sleep.

6. Perform meditation on a regular basis

Your body is linked to your mind. Many of the diseases of this era are psychosomatic. Stress and anxiety take their toll on our physical health. Meditation is a mental exercise which, among other things, allows you to detach yourself from the worries of life. Learn a simple technique and do it regularly.

7. Get up early every day

Once again the old proverb, “Early to bed, early to rise makes a person healthy, wealthy and wise.” I don’t know if it will make you wealthy, but it will certainly make you healthy. Your body needs just enough sleep, not too much and not too little.

Follow these tips and you can’t go wrong.


What Causes Mental Health Disorders?

It is amazing how a lump of gray matter could manipulate all the systems in our body in the most systematic way possible with all the intricacies and complex functioning. But what’s queer about this stuff (the organ we call brain) is that it could malfunction in a way that it could result to single or multiple representations of mental health problems all in an individual.

Clinical research and laboratory observations consistently arrive at the conclusion that mental health disorders are products of the accumulation and interaction of several contributing factors. It would have been easier to identify each disorder if there is only one cause to all meal health disorders but that simply isn’t the truth. In reality, all mental disorders could root from several causes such as an environment that is conducive to the development of a mental disorder or individual genetic make-up that programs the brain (or the faulty components of the brain) to develop into something non-normal.

Saying that it’s all about the pathological make-up of the brain that causes the mental health disorders is simplistic, to say the least. Looking at the strange development of these disorders would reveal that there are actually at least 3 contributing factors that may be seen as potential causes, all of which have varying degrees. This means that a particular culprit could be more dominant than the other.

First with the physical causes. This bracket of causes is biological in nature. Each individual has a distinct and unique biological make-up that dictates the direction of his health, may it be physical or mental. Some people are born with an inherent tendency to develop a specific mental disorder in comparison with other people while others are less prone to risks. This cause also covers the genetic make-up of an individual, the biological make-up and the events in life that affects the physical body (such as a trauma on the head or substance abuse).

Second, are environmental or social causes. Nature VS Nurture has been a great debate in the scientific community but research confirms that a person experiences a spilled-half of both. Nature, of course, is the physical attributes of an individual while Nurture reflects more on the social structures and physical, emotional and mental environments to which an individual was exposed to. This factor tells us more about how an individual grew up, the interaction of influences that affected all facets of his growth and the mechanisms he used to cope with a specific environment.

It is observable that some mental disorders are caused primarily by the consequences of experience brought about by the environment. For example, people (especially children) living in a stressful, chaotic and unstable environment are more likely to develop mental illnesses than those individuals living in a peaceful environment. This consequence is due to the fact that there are certain social and environmental components that may become risk factors in the development of mental health problems.

The third is the psychological factor. This particular factor tells us more on the psychological state of a person, his coping mechanisms to certain life events that could otherwise end up with psychological disorders, his perception on his own self and his environment and thought patterns that affect his mental health. For example, someone who has gone beyond the limit of his stress coping capacity is likely to break down mentally as a result of the psyche’s automatic “lockdown” to protect itself.

For the majority of people lacking mental health, it is often the case of triggering the mental health to break down through series factors that have eventually contributed to the cause of mental health disorder.


Natural skin care: try taking care of your skin the natural way

Washing your face every day is sometimes just not enough. Some people get facials on a regular basis or regularly visit their dermatologists for consultation. There are even some people who are forever undergoing some type of medication to help maintain their face blemish free of charge. This can eat up a whole lot of the funds that they earn. Remember that facials and consultations aren’t inexpensive.

But why go with the medical when you can do it in a natural way? Below are a number of techniques that you can use to take care of your skin without spending so much money on chemicals to put on your face.

1. Exfoliation inside the shower

Exfoliation is one of the issues that aid maintain your skin, smooth and silky. The process removes the dead cells from the skin, thereby preventing the buildup of dead cells within the pores.

Exfoliation can really be completed prior to you take a bath every day. You just want a dry brush. Make sure that it has soft bristles; otherwise, you may end up irritating the skin. Brush in circular movements to also help inside the circulation of the skin. This process nonetheless can only be carried out in certain parts of the body. Sensitive areas like the face might only be irritated.

2. Use fruits and veggies

Cliche as it seems, fruits and vegetables really do have properties that assist in keeping the skin healthy. What is more, you don’t need to eat them? You’ll find fruits and veggies that you simply can put directly to your skin like the tomato and also the cucumber.

Obviously, consuming an apple a day will definitely keep the dermatologists away as apple contains natural nutrients which are truly excellent for the body, particularly for the skin. High fiber fruits like bananas are also highly suggested as they’re able to boost on digestion and metabolism.

3. Water

Not only will water assist you to in washing your face, but drinking a lot of it will also assist you to get rid of the toxins in the body. Actually, one of the secrets to having great skin is drinking plenty of water. Specialists recommend a minimum of 8 glasses each day. For individuals who have digestive issues, about 10-15 glasses are already enough.

4. Physical exercise

Yet another approach to get rid of the toxins inside the skin is to regularly do physical activities whether they like working out within the gym or doing sports activities.

5. Stay away from sugar

Do you know that sugar can truly make your skin sag and develop wrinkles? This occurs when the excess sugar goes to the bloodstream and sticks to the protein.


Histrionic Personality Disorder

People with a histrionic personality disorder often resemble narcissists – both seek attention compulsively and are markedly dysphoric and uncomfortable when not at the center of attention. They have to be the life of the party. If they fail in achieving this pivotal role, they act out or create hysterical scenes.

The histrionic is preoccupied with physical appearance, sexual conquests, her health, and her body. The typical histrionic spends huge dollops of money and expends inordinate amounts of time on grooming. Histrionics fish for compliments and are upset when confronted with criticism or proof that they are not as glamorous or alluring as they think they are.

Histrionic Personality Disorder and Sexuality

Histrionics sexualize everyone and every situation. They constantly act flirtatious, provocative and seductive, even when such behavior is not warranted by circumstances or, worse still, is highly inappropriate. Such conduct is often ill-received. People usually find this unabashed directness and undisguised hunger for approval annoying or outright repulsive. Consequently, histrionics are sometimes subject to social censure and ostracism.

Histrionic Personality Disorder and its Affect on Others

The histrionics’ intensity and unpredictability are exhausting. The person suffering from histrionic personality disorder’s nearest and dearest are often embarrassed by his unbridled display of emotions: hugging casual acquaintances, uncontrollable sobbing in public or having temper tantrums. The histrionic’s behavior is so off-color that she is typically accused of being a fake.

Concerned only with the latest conquest, the histrionic uses his physical appearance and attire as a kind of conscious bait. It is ironic that histrionics often mistake the depth, durability, and intimacy of their relationships and are devastated by their inevitable premature termination.

Histrionic Personality Disorder and in Essence

Histrionics are the quintessential drama queens. They are theatrical, their emotions exaggerated to the point of a caricature, their gestures sweeping, disproportional and inappropriate. The histrionic is easily suggestible and responds instantly and fully to the slightest change in circumstances and to the most meaningless communication or behavior by others.


Stress behaviors that affect your family

Obsessive negativity, persistent perfection analysis and others

It is common for people to suffer stress and anxiety, even in supportive family conditions. Recognizing behaviors that increase anxiety and stress is the first step in ridding yourself of this discomfort. There are three obsessive behaviors, and you may not indulge in all three, but any of them have the power to make your family life less happy than it should be. These stresses in your family life might have originally been able to be controlled or alleviated by indulging in hobbies or interests such as landscape photography but you might find that your life is overtaking you. So what are these behaviors?

Obsessed negativity is the first, and it is quite simple to self-diagnose. People with obsessed negativity tend to be generally negative about things that happen in their life. Sometimes it’s just one area, such as work, but it can pervade your entire life, from your family and friends, your personal image, places you go, situations you encounter, politics and more.

Obsessed negativity can be from the banal (“There is never anything good on TV when I want to watch”), through to the more deep-seated psychological and self-esteem-related thought patterns (“I can never do anything right”, or “People are out to get me”). Solid patterns of negativity like this often prevent you from seeing legitimate good things that happen every day all around you.

Obsessive perfectionism is the second challenge and can be a deep source of anxiety. When you engage in obsessive perfectionism, you are centered on trying to do everything “just right” to the point to where you’re driving yourself into an anxious state of being. You may find yourself making statements such as, “I have to do this right, or I’ll be a failure!” or “If I am not precise, people will be mad at me!” This behavior might be totally under the threshold of your awareness, but it interferes greatly with your ability to enjoy things without feeling stress.

An obsessive analysis is the third one. You might be obsessed about minute details of processes and procedures, going over them again and again until you are sure you understand it in minuscule detail – often far more than is required. You may feel the need to repeatedly go over the finer details of the task, repeating the order in your head just to be sure you’ve got it right. You can’t relax if things go wrong!

An excess of analysis robs you of time to enjoy your life. You’re caught up in a loop and you need to break free by reassuring yourself that all is well and undertaking activities that take your mind off it. Understand that not doing the analysis will not compromise your life.

If you recognize any of these blocking behaviors in yourself, there are tactics you can use to address them and help free yourself of them without having to resort to a clinical consultant. First, ask a few trusted friends or relatives whether they think you are negative in general, or if they think you are difficult to be around.

Explain the three blocking behaviors and ask them to specifically address those as opposed to things that might not be relevant. The insight you will get from others’ assessment of you is invaluable and you’ll know precisely how others see you.

Secondly, keeping a diary of what you do and how it makes you feel can help identify the activities that cause blocking behaviors. Once you start to see patterns you can make changes to break those destructive activities down and replace them with positive activities.

Relieving stress can often be accomplished by exercise, such as shooting some hoops or exercising at home. These can also help play a major role in contributing to healthy and happy family life.

Alcohol: Health Benefit or Health Risk?

We’ve all heard the news about the potential heart-health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption. It’s no wonder such stories grab headlines. They’re the nutritional equivalent of the classic media formula of “man bites dog.” As for the rest of us, we celebrate by raising a glass to our health.

But whenever I hear one of these reports, I wonder whether it actually ends up doing more harm than good. Most fail to mention the health risks of excessive alcohol consumption, which will do a body far more damage than moderate consumption will do it well. And they leave the impression that health benefits apply to men and women alike. Not so.

Most of the research regarding alcohol’s effects in raising good cholesterol, or HDL, levels look at men and post-menopausal women. Very little, if any, evidence suggests that alcohol consumption in younger women is beneficial. Even worse, other studies associate younger women’s alcohol consumption with increased disease risk.

Up to 4 percent of breast cancers can be attributed to alcohol. According to a recent study in the British Journal of Cancer, every drink increases a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer. In a recent summary of 63 published studies, 65 percent of the studies found an association between alcohol consumption and increased breast cancer risk.

It’s tempting to dismiss these health risks by pointing to more obvious ones, like excess weight and inactivity. In fact, 54.3 percent of women age 20 to 39 are obese or overweight. But if you’re one of them and you’re trying to lose weight and increase fitness, drinking alcohol will hardly help you achieve your goals.

Add that much-ballyhooed glass of red wine a day without making any other changes in your diet or exercise, and you’ll gain nearly 15 pounds per year. In four years, you’ll be 60 pounds heavier, which won’t do much to help your heart.

Counting calories from alcohol can be doubly difficult. Not only are these calories less satisfying than those from food, these days they’re likely to come in super-sized martini glasses the size of swimming pools. Alcohol sabotages your diet in other ways as well. Lowered inhibitions can lead to overeating, while even one drink can dampen your metabolism for up to 24 hours.

Bottom line: Be honest with yourself. Don’t use health claims about spirits as an excuse to justify excessive drinking which endangers your life, liver, looks, and limbs. Keep in mind that plenty of other, better ways to improve heart health are out there. Start by getting and staying fit. Exercise at least five times each week. And eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whose antioxidants may reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing the oxidation of cholesterol in your arteries.

Most of all, remember that less is more. And get all the facts before you go looking for your health at the bottom of a glass of booze.